United States Of America Green Card Application Processes and Procedures

A Green Card (permanent residence) may be issued to you through your family, a job offer or employment, refugee or asylum status, or a number of other special provisions.

United States Of America Green Card Application

In some cases, you may even be able to self-petition or have a record created for permanent residence on your behalf.

In this table guide to applying for United States Of America Green Card

Each Green Card category will have specific steps and procedures to follow. Listed below are some general processes and procedures to help you apply either while in the United States (known as “adjustment of status”) or while outside the United States (known as “consular processing”).

Green Card Eligibility Categories Determine if you are eligible for permanent residence. Review the eligibility requirements needed before applying for your Green Card.
Adjustment of Status Adjusting your status to a permanent resident is the process immigrants use to get a Green Card while in the United States. 
Consular Processing Consular processing is the method immigrants use to get their Green Card when outside the United States or when ineligible to adjust status in the United States. 
Concurrent Filing When getting a Green Card through employment, family, or as a special immigrant, someone may need to file a petition for you. Concurrent filing is generally when the immigrant petition is filed at the same time you file your application to get a Green Card. Learn what concurrent filing is and what categories are eligible to concurrently file.
Visa Availability and Priority Dates In general, a visa must be available for you before you can apply for a Green Card. In some categories, visas are always available, while in others, there are a limited number. Priority dates are given to immigrants waiting in line to get an immigrant visa and determine when a visa becomes available. Learn how to tell if a visa is available to you.
Travel Documents Learn more about if and when you can travel outside the United States after applying for a Green Card or once you have a Green Card. You can also learn how to apply for advance parole, a Refugee Travel Document, and a re-entry permit.
Employment Authorization Document Learn more about if you are eligible for work authorization in the United States and how to apply for an Employment Authorization Document (EAD).
Immigration Medical Examinations Most applications for a Green Card require a medical exam. Learn about who must complete a medical exam and the specific forms and procedures that you must follow.
Affidavit of Support An affidavit of support is a form that a sponsor files on your behalf when you are applying for a Green Card or immigrant visa. It is required for some (but not all) categories of immigrants before they can become a permanent resident of the United States. The purpose of the form is to show you have the financial means to live in the United States without needing welfare or financial benefits from the U.S. government.
Public Charge To get a Green Card, most immigrants must show that they will not become a public charge. Learn more about public charge.
Child Status Protection Act Your age can determine whether you are eligible for a Green Card as a “child.” The Child Status Protection Act, often referred to as CSPA, allows certain children who have aged out (become 21 years or older) after an immigrant petition has been filed to still be eligible for a Green Card through their parents.

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